Biblioteca Leolam (II)

Completăm Biblioteca Fundaţiei Leolam cu o carte apărută în 1906 la Moineşti, "Poporul cărţii" de Rabb dr. I. Nacht, achiziţionată recent de către fundaţie.

Cartea o puteţi găsi aici.
Celelalte cărţi care se gasesc in biblioteca Leolam sunt prezentate aici.

It is a book printed in 1906 in Moinesti.
It is called "The book's people" and it was write by Rabb. Dr. I. Nacht.

Keshet 8 -Bacău

Mulţumim domnului preşedinte al Comunităţii evreilor din Bacău, Izu Butnaru, care a invitat la acest eveniment şi Fundaţia Leolam.

Yad Vashem, Yom Hashoah, Moineşti

Înfiinţat în anul 1953, Muzeul Yad Vashem este unul dintre cele mai renumite instituții din Ierusalim - și cuprinde cel mai mare muzeu al Holocaustului din lume.

Pentru că este YOM HASHOAH - Ziua Holocaustului, în care are loc comemorarea victimelor Holocaustului, pe site-ul Yad Vashem Museum apare şi numele unei persoane născută la Moineşti.

"Names of Jews who perished in 1945 - Heim
First name - Ana
Circumstances of Death - Camp during liberation
Profession - MERCHANT
Age - 45
Date of Birth -1900
Place of Birth – Moinesti
Permanent Place of Residence – Kolozsvar- Cluj
Date of Death - 1945
Place of Death - Auschwitz"

Fie-i memoria binecuvântată!

Următoarea fotografie este de la Muzeul Yad Vashem. Multumim lui Aharon Varady pentru fotografie.

Site-ul muzeului aici.

Vizită la Iaşi

Câteva imagini de la Sinagoga din Iaşi, Centrul evreiesc şi Muzeul Comunităţii evreilor din Iaşi.

Cu această ocazie, prin flyerele pe care le-am lăsat la Centrul comunitar evreiesc -Iaşi, vrem să facem cunoscută activitatea Fundaţiei Leolam.

Si pentru că mai e puţin până începe sărbătoarea de Pesah, o fotografie de la Muzeul de la Iaşi.


ג פסח שמחemoticon smile

LEOLAM (ETERNITY) Foundation and a symbol of eternity : The Jewish Cemetery in Moinesti, Bacau County

Author: Beatrice Kohlenberg, Toronto 
Translated by Andrea Bernard - USA

     The path ascends gradually, along the new plaza, in front of what was the Community Bath. It passes a few buildings, and, to the right, the ascent becomes more difficult. Through properties with orchards to the front and back of the houses, the city is visible to one side, and on the other side appears the pine forest. A few dogs accompany those who are adventurous enough to hike up the hill. No one knows if the dogs belong to locals, and they, too, are tiredly heading toward their homes or if they are without owners; either way, they are so accustomed to passerby that a foreign presence in the city does not provoke them.
     On the hill, the ascent eases up. A plateau opens up timidly toward homes and orchards, although a short distance ahead, the ascent resumes. With strained breathing, the passerby discovers, to the right, the panorama of the city. It's a bizarre combination of old homes and modern villas, old square-shaped buildings on which the stucco barely stands, and other newer buildings with windows and patches of thermal isolation in colors that seem too bright. The hospital building, the pride of the city, distinguishes itself towering, in a blue tint, just like the red rooftop of the City Hall. Everything is concealed between ridges and elongated hills, which extend far, toward the horizon. The city is buried in the green of the parks and of the untouched nature patches, which, surprisingly, continue to exist in this corner of Romania. Hidden, surrounded by wire, an old oil drill reminds one that for hundreds of years, oil was the heart of this little town, the lively fluid which transformed the town, throughout centuries, from a merchant community into an industrial city and, presently, into a municipality.
    On the other side, an alley enters the pine forest, toward another nature patch, this time, touched by humans. Two restaurants and a few small wooden homes, until recently surely the only place in city where you could find overnight accommodations, have grown over the past few years among the tall and slender pines. I remember, during my childhood, that we would come here Sundays, at the beginning of June, to pick berries, for me the most delicate fruit left by nature for earthlings. I wonder what might be left now of the berry meadows of my childhood? In front of us stands tall, a house, solid and well-maintained, with closed wooden shutters and a door that appears to not have been opened for a while. Next to the house's wall is an iron gate, sealed with a lock the size of a fist, pointing to the entrance into the Jewish Cemetery.
    The Cemetery is the only evidence of Jewish presence in this place hidden among the hills. An ancient settlement, mentioned in history as far back as 1437, Moinesti has become, in the mid1800s, a tradesmen's market, where forestry and oil exploits completed the range of occupations of the 688 inhabitants (in 1832). Here, at the crossing of the mountain with the hill, inhabitants of nearby settlements would arrive at the market to sell their grains, wines, or cattle and to purchase oil fuel and lumber. Around that time in history, there were about 200 Jews in Moinesti. However, Jewish presence in the area dates back another hundred years in history, based on the inscriptions on the gravestones, hidden at the other end of the Cemetery.
   When you enter through the gate, the cemetery appears like a park whose boundaries are not visible. A feeling of calm and peace envelops your soul and mind. A few acacias, oaks, and pines are lined up along the fence that runs along the street. Among the gravesites, plum trees, nut trees, and about three sour cherry trees have grown over the years, perhaps planted by the hand of a housekeeper, who knows when. I recall savoring, in that area, the most wonderful, bitter cherries left for lovers of strange aromas, full of flesh as much as you can get off the pit, and bitter enough to give the jam that surprising, intriguing taste, without filling your mouth with wormwood when you eat them right off the tree branch. A wonder that this grew on the tree every year, in the shape of small polka dots, of a dark red, almost black color.
   In the shadow of the aligned fruit trees are laid out the gravesites, row after row, ascending on a smooth ridge, then descending toward a valley. They are impressive gravesites, built of marble or massive granite, with ornaments made of forged iron or floral inscriptions in relief and letters that still preserve traces of paint. Others are made of common river stone, encrusted with veneer/metal of a noble essence. The oldest gravesite dates back to 1740. On the darkened stone already covered with moss, the letters, which once formed a name, are almost washed by time. You can almost decipher something that looks like Dovben Iehuda. Somewhere, approximately in the center of the cemetery, a massive "stibl" made of stone rises up, a sign of the faith of those resting inside, but also of their wealth. On the exterior, a massive marble plaque shows that a family is interned, a husband and a wife. The inscription on the stone, according to a legacy transmitted from one generation to the next, was written by the Rabi Arie Rosen himself, the father of His Excellence, Dr. Moses Rosen, whose Moinesti roots are well- known.

   In a row with the other gravesites, there is a stone that intrigues. Although not distinguished from the surrounding ones, this stone has a half moon on it, instead of the Star of David. The name on the gravesite, Iurist Elias, deceased in 1912, in no way suggests an explanation. Most likely, the mystery of the strange inscription will remain eternally unsolved. Somewhere, further down the hill, three gravesites, next to each another, are inscripted with Cyrillic letters. They belong to Russian soldiers from World War I who died on the Moldavian front and brought to Moinesti to be buried, because there is no other Jewish Cemetery in the area.
   Back toward the gate, alone, in the shadow of a contorted walnut tree, stands a small gravestone, at the head of a similar gravestone: a child who lived no longer than a few years until the end of the 1960s. A few meters ahead, the trail created by the few visitors leads through the grass along the front of a house with closed shutters. This is the funeral home, the place that houses what is still left of the contents of the last synagogue in Moinesti, after it was demolished. Inside, there are a few wooden benches and a few objects of worship, on which the dust has settled over the years, since they have not been moved. No one prays there any longer. The only time a prayer is heard in the Moinesti Cemetery is when someone dies. The nearby somewhat larger Bacau Jewish Community ensures that rituals are carried out accordingly. How can one find ten Jewish men nowadays in Moinesti, who can assist in reading the Kaddish?
  The Jewish population of Moinesti will become extinguished in a few years. The town from where the first group of Jews headed toward Eretz Israel, thereby inaugurating Alya, will disapper from the Jewish Community lists. Only a few monographs of those who lived there during the flourishing times of the village of Moinesti will be left behind, testifying that the famous Tristan Tzara, with his real name of Samuel Rosenstock, was born in Moinesti, a memory to those who, like me, have scattered all over the world and throughout the Cemetery and the Osoiu Hill. From all those, only the Cemetery is eternal.

Article in pdf format, here.

Articolul in romana, in format pdf aici.

Tony Gerber - about his roots

"In his new documentary, Jewish filmmaker Tony Gerber explores the rags-to-riches-to-prison story of the notorious Viktor Bout. 

It’s ironic that a film about a Russian oligarch would bring me closer to my Jewish ancestors

My mother and father were the first generation in their respective families to be born and raised in the States. My father’s family were Jews who came from Germany and Lithuania in the 1920s. My mother’s family on both sides came from Romania in the 1920s.
I had the great opportunity to screen “The Notorious Mr. Bout” in Bucharest, Romania this past year and used the opportunity to travel to my mother’s ancestral village in Moinesti. There had been a thriving Jewish community at the turn of last century that dwindled to none after World War II. The Jewish cemetery there is up-kept by one family — the survivors of the last surviving Jewish resident — and a small team of Romanian volunteers.
My visit was sad but also deeply poignant. It brought me closer to my ancestors and their legacy of discrimination."

About his visit in Moinesti, click here.

Happy Hanukkah 2015 !

Warm wishes of joy, good health, peace, and all the good things in life to you and your family!


"Undeva, cam la mijlocul cimitirului, se ridică o „ştibl” masivă, de piatră, semn al credinţei celor ce se odihnesc înăuntru, dar şi al avuţiei lor. La exterior, o placă de marmură masivă spune că acolo este înhumată o familie, soţ şi soţie. Textul de pe piatră, potrivit unei legende transmise din generaţie în generaţie, a fost scris de însuşi Rabinul Arie Rosen, tatăl Excelenţei Sale, dr. Moses Rosen, ale cărui rădăcini moineştene sunt deja  ştiute." 
Din articolul  Fundaţia LEOLAM (ETERNITATE) şi un simbol al veşniciei: Cimitirul Evreiesc din Moineşti, Bacău.  Autor: Beatrice Kohlenberg, Toronto 

Cu ocazia evenimentului "Porţi deschise" organizat de Fundaţia Leolam în anul 2014, o placă care era pe acest ştibl a fost adusă în casa funerară şi rearanjată cu ajutorul elevilor care au participat.


Traducerea celeilalte plăci  a fost făcută de Sivan şi Orr Sela, cărora le mulţumim.

"Tatăl celui care e inmormantat aici
Baruh Iehiel, care era şi Cohen
A văzut lumina din Buceci (orăşel în Ucraina)
A născut un băiat şi l-a numit după el
Mama care l-a născut a murit în timpul naşterii
A fost foarte religios şi cu fapte bune
Şi a mers după rabinii (vechi) şi i-a apreciat foate mult
Ce-au spus înţelepţii nu le-au luat ca lucruri simple
Când a murit tatăl lui avea 13 ani 
Era bogat şi era foarte respectat
A găsit o soţie foarte buna
Au trăit 55 de ani împreună
Şi  când era pe moarte au venit Cohanimii să-l binecuvânteze
Şi a dat pământ şi după ce a murit
Şi atunci a murit pe 2 Elul.
Toţi fiii tăi vor fi ucenici ai Domnului, şi mare va fi propăşirea fiilor tăi.

"The sign says Avraham David Cohen and Rivka. He was a Cohen, Rivka might be his wife that is buried beside him and she has her own big sign like he has. The one that is broken and is at the entrance hall. His name was Avraham David son of Baruch Yehiel HaCohen from Buczacz Buchach."


      "Arrived in Moineşti (Moynesht), my maternal grandparents' native town in Romanian Moldova, for my first visit, the evening of Sept. 24 in torrential rain. The town derives its name from moină, meaning drizzle, but this was no moină.
    The next morning, the weather seemed questionable for a visit to the Jewish Cemetery, the most significant legacy of the town's rich Jewish culture in the late 1800s until the early 1920s. We decided to take a chance. During my drive there, with second cousin Sivan Sela  and her son Orr Sela, the sun started coming out. As soon as I set eyes on the cemetery, with its weathered gravestones, I felt deeply moved and teared up... the depth of my emotions surprised me. Entering the Cemetery House and viewing the religious ritual items, including the platform where the deceased wrapped body was placed prior to burial seemed very sacred to me.

     Upon walking into the graveyard, more tears were shed as I viewed and touched my closest ancestors' gravestones. However, we searched for hours before finally finding my great-grandmother Rebeca's gravestone, which had broken off so the inscription could not be viewed. My nephew Orr Sela lifted it up slightly and read, "Rifka bat Nachman!" Chills ran through my body as we all yelled, "This is she!" Unbelievable how we found it! We cleaned and rested the gravestone face up so she could be honored properly. It was truly spiritual today... the sun coming out, the team work as we found her grave and lifted up the headstone and cleaned it, and then the image of all my 5 ancestors' graves in one picture... truly AMAZING! Thank you from the bottom of my heart Mihaela Rd and Coca, cemetery keeper, for all your help and generosity... and Ggm Rifka for perhaps guiding us your way so we could take care of your grave..."
                                                                                                                      Andrea Bernard

The Last Witness (English) - By Hedi Enghelberg

Thanks to Hedi Enghelberg that donated three books to Leolam Foundation.

For buying, contact us by email.

"The Last Witness" was a Category Finalist in the 2014 Eric Hoffer Book Awards. The Eric Hoffer Book Award was created to promote writers, authors, and independent presses. 

NYC, MAY 3-4, 2014 | I am sad to announce, that Mr. David Stoliar (Z"L), the only sea Survivor of the Jewish refugees ship MV Struma, torpedoed Feb 24, 1942, in the South Black Sea, passed, at age 92, in his sleep, in Bend, Oregon, Saturday, May 03rd, 0:31 AM. He is survived by his wife, Marda Stoliar, and a son. The burial was at the Historic Cemetery in Prineville Oregon, at Noon, May 6, 2014, Pacific Time. Prineville is situated at about 40 miles from Bend and the Historic Cemetery is dedicated to the West pioneers. David Stoliar will be the first Jewish person buried there. The ceremony will be conducted by a Rabbi and about 100 persons will attend. 

David Stoliar was born in Chishinev (Kishinev, actual Republic of Moldova/See Jewish pogroms and WWII killing of 10,000+ Jews by Einsatzgruppen), in 1922. The family moved to France, where his mother has family, and resided there until 1930, when they returned to Bucharest. He studied in France and Bucharest. Due to increased anti-Semitism, after the failed putsch by the Garda de Fier (Iron Guard), a pro-fascist paramilitary group, against Gen. Antonescu government, his father decided to send the only son, away, via MV Struma, to Palestine. MV (motor vessel) Struma left the Romanian port of Constanza on December 15, 1941 with 760-800 Romanian and European Jewish refuges trying to repatriate to Eretz Israel (ACTUAL ISRAEL), then Palestine, under a British Administrative Mandate. Due to a engine problem, the ship was intercepted close to the Istanbul harbor. It remaining at anchor in Istanbul, for more than 70 days, being refused entry in Palestine by the British High Commissioner, until it was forced towed by the Turkish military tugboat Aldemar into the south-east Black Sea and cut adrift. 
MV Struma, at the time, lacked any independent propulsion meanings, it's onboard Mercedes-Benz maritime engine was not functioning. Next day, Feb. 24, 1942, against all maritime international conventions and treaties, the ship was torpedoed, without warning, by the Soviet submarine SC-213, of the USSR Black Sea Fleet. In October 1942, SC-213, on his turn, was torpedoed and sunk with all hand on deck, by costal German U-boat close to the Constanza harbor. Until today, MV Struma disaster, has earned the sad title as the largest civilian loss of life in Black Sea maritime recorded history. All the refugees on board died, except the young David Stoliar, rescued more than 24 hours later. 

FROM HEDI ENGHELBEG_______________ 
David Stolear is not with us, anymore. ( Per su leyenda vivira con nosotros!) I had the pleasure and the honor to take the last interview with him , before his heart attack on 2013. He died in His home, in Bend, Oregon, with his caring wife, Marda, by his side, at 00:31 AM. But his legend will be living with us, and for many generations to come. We need people like David. His story was linking all the bad, the ugly and good in the WWII, like Nazi Germany, Romania, Soviet Union (USSR), England, Turkey, Israel and United States. 
David is a survivor. We have so few, today. 
David was a courageous person. We have so few today. 
David endured the horrors of the Holocaust. We have so few witnesses today. 
David was an example. We have so few raw models to follow, today. 
David was strong. We have so few strong leaders. 
Will be hard to imagine the world without David Stoliar, because he was the last witness to this great, great injustice represented by MV Struma and the Jewish refugees seeking repatriation. 
COVER: the book cover is the picture of the David Stoliar, from the transport ticket issued by the travel company in Bucharest. The original boat ticket rests at the Yad-VaShem Museum in Jerusalem. 

Hedi Enghelberg, Author

All details on Amazon site are here.

The trains of the Holocaust (English) - By Hedi Enghelberg

Thanks to Hedi Enghelberg that donated three books to Leolam Foundation.

For buying, contact us by email.


A look at how the European railway transport companies acted in agreement and assisted the operation of the Second and Final Phase of the Jewish Holocaust; for the implementation of the "Final Solution".

“Europe died at Auschwitz” | Sebastián Vivar Rodriguez Writer, Barcelona (Spain), receiver of the International Literatura Prize. 


THIS STUDY, is about how a modern railways system and the largest enterprise at the time, the Deutsche Reichsbahn [DRB], with its associated railways companies in each European country , before and especially after the Wannsee Conference in January 1942, contributed to the colossal scale of human beings transportation, evacuation and displacement, for the purpose and interment and slave workforces. The Nazi criminal regime (1933-1945), it’s military, civilian organizations, middle-level bureaucracy and associated dictatorial regimes all over Europe, succeeded in murdering millions of people and destroying a flourishing 900-years-old Jewish Culture in Europe. The Nazi’s goals of cashing in the gigantic financial assets stolen from the Jewish victims of the Holocaust greatly benefited them for financing an aggressive conquest war. In the process, they murdered of millions of humans across the continent: 6 millions Jews and other 20 million innocent civilians. An efficient railways system across the continent with more than 100,000 km of rail, (42,000 only in Germany proper) operated by the largest capitalist enterprise at the time, DRG, with more than 250,000 workers and a formidable 12,500 operational locomotives (KRIEGSLOKOMOTIVEN) lineup, totally sustained and assisted the Germany’s conquer wars and its formidable war machine, and as well aided the Nazi organizations in charge of the “Final Solution”. The European railway companies totally assisted the Nazis in the transportation segment by carrying out this infamous crime: The Holocaust. Without this collaboration the Holocaust could not happened on the scale we are witnessing from May 1945 until today. 

House Foreign Affairs Committee, U.S. House of Representatives, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Chairman | 

November 15, 2011. | Ros-Lehtinen Invites Holocaust Survivors to Testify on Lingering Injustices of the Holocaust. Hearing focuses on legal rights of survivors, accountability for railroad company which transported victims to death camps 

(WASHINGTON) – U.S. Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, is holding a hearing tomorrow titled “Righting the Enduring Wrongs of the Holocaust: Insurance Accountability and Rail Justice.” The hearing will focus on the injustice faced by Holocaust victims and their survivors. Many will critique how I supported the issues, but this is my point-of -view. We all know the tragic events of this aggressive war in Europe: 50 million dead, millions of injured and displaced, The Cold War and 6 million Jews murdered. It is very easy to make a critique, but we have to tell the story, in order to make sense of your civilization. The Holocaust should never happen again! 

Hedi Enghelberg March 2013, Fort Lauderdale. 

P.S. OF FEB.2015 | We have to mention the new wave of corrosive, focused, unwelcomed influence of Anti-Semitism in Europe and the many vandals and criminal attacks in France, Denmark, UK, Poland, Belgium and other place. This Anti-Semitic sentiment, felt in many structures of governments, social life and social media is a very complex process is very sui-generis, because occurs in almost a total absence, vacuum of an important presence of Jewish population in Europe.

All details on Amazon site are here.

Escape del ultimo tren de Auschwitz (Spanish) - By Hedi Enghelberg

Thanks to Hedi Enghelberg that donated three books to Leolam Foundation.

For buying, contact us by email.

Nota del Autor: Críticas Constructivas. 

Agradecemos su compra. Es presente libro es muy extenso, complexo, complicado, histórico. Tienes 600 páginas y 150,000 palabras que no se pueden descontar con una simple crítica. 

El Español/Castellano es el idioma del libro, pero no el idioma primario del Autor. Se hicieron grandes esfuerzos para traer este título a los lectores de habla Castellano. El presente libro es unos de los más extensos sobre el tema del Holocausto Judio en Romania y la Segunda Guerra Mundial. 
Sin hacer comparaciones, ni los libros de Cervantes, Cuello, Vargas Llosa, Gabriel Marquez estan sin fallas de algún error ortográfico, de redacción, de concepto. Todos los libros tienen errores. Les agradecemos de nuevo la compra del libro y sus críticas constructivas. Ejemplo: cómo evitar de nuevo un Holocausto, como evitar y combatir el terrorismo mundial, acerca de la tolerancia y la inclusión de las minoridades, problemas en la educación, etc. 

ESCAPE DEL ULTIMO TREN DE AUSCHWITZ (Historias del Holocausto Judio) 

“Escape Del ultimo tren de Auschwitz” by Hedi Enghelberg, it’s included on the Oxford University list of books for Genocide and Holocaust Studies as a historical biography. 
Este libro, como historia bibliográfica, hace parte de la lista de publicaciones recomendadas para el Estudio del Genocidio y del Holocausto, por la Universidad de Oxford. “Nunca en la historia de la humanidad, tan pocos, decidieron la muerte de tantos, en tan corto tiempo” | Hedi Enghelberg 

NOTA EDITORIAL: ESCAPE DEL ÚLTIMO TREN DE AUSCHWITZ: Corta historia de Europa 1914-1945, La Segunda Guerra Mundial, El Holocausto Judío; la Guerra Fría en Europa y Rumania. La emigracion hacia Israel y el final de la Cultura Judia en Romania. Entre 1933 y 1945, Europa estaba bajo el dominio del mal. Durante este periodo, las negras nubes de una guerra total, aportaron sin número de tragedias individuales, que moldearan varias generaciones que fueron asesinadas y maltratadas por el maligno genio de Adolfo Hitler y sus seguidores. Seis millones de Judíos fueron asesinados brutalmente por los alemanes armados e inspirados por Hitler. Casi 3 millones de judíos se salvaron de esta organizada e institucionalizada furia criminal, que no tiene igual en la historia de la Humanidad. Esta es la historia de uno de los cientos de miles de prisioneros judíos, que trabajo por más de cuatro años en la construcción de vías férreas, caminos, casamatas, bunkers y otras obras militares, en el frente de guerra del Este, para las fuerzas militares alemanes y Rumanas. Se escapó del último tren que salió de Rumania, en la noche del 23 de Agosto de 1944, cual destino final era Auschwitz. Sobrevivió la guerra, formo una familia, trabajo con dignidad y honestidad; fue testigo de los cambios de Europa, del Medio Oriente y del Mundo. 

Moises Enghelberg fue prisionero de la Guerra Fría, en un constante agite, y persecución por parte de los órganos de la Seguridad del estado; su vida ha sido basada en continua tensión y llena de miedos, hasta que emigro a Israel, el 16 de Diciembre de 1983. Al mediodía del 16 de Diciembre 1983, fue libre, por primera vez, en Tel Aviv, Israel. 

All details on Amazon site are here.

Româneşte în Israel

În emisiunea "Lumea şi noi - Româneşte în Israel a postului de televiziune TVRI, sunt fotografii din Cimitirul evreiesc din Moineşti, iar preşedintele AMIR Iris Lackner spune despre organizaţiile şi asociaţiile evreilor din România, inclusiv din Moineşti.

Emisiunea poate fi văzută aici.

Porţi deschise la Cimitirul evreiesc Moineşti - 2015

     Ca o continuare a activitatii Fundatiei Leolam incepute in anul 2012, si in anul 2015, in zilele de 4 si 6 septembrie, s-a organizat acest eveniment pentru a da posibilitatea celor care vor sa cunoasca o parte din istoria orasului, contributia populatiei evreiesti la aceasta.    
    Dupa vizita, oaspetii au scris  impresiile in cartea de onoare.

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